Standard for the Saint Bernard

 

             

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

   * GENERAL: Powerful, proportionately tall figure, strong and muscular in

every part, with powerful head and most intelligent expression. In dogs with a

dark mask the expression appears more stern, but never ill~natured.

 

 

 

 

 

    * HEAD: Like the whole body, very powerful and imposing. The massive skull

is wide, slightly arched and the sides slope in a gentle curve into the very strongly

developed, high cheek bones. Occiput only moderately developed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  * The supra~orbital ridge is very strongly developed and forms nearly a right

angle with the long axis of the head.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  * Deeply imbedded between the eyes and starting at the root of the muzzle, a

furrow runs over the whole skull. It is strongly marked in the first half, gradually

disappearing toward the base of the occiput. The lines at the sides of the head

diverge considerably from the outer corner of the eyes toward the back of the head

 

 

 

 

 

 

  * The skin of the foehead above the eyes, forms rather noticeable wrinkles, more

or less pronounced, which converge toward the furrow. Especially when the dog is

alert or at attention, the wrinkles are more visable without in the least giving the

impression of morosity. Too strongly developed wrinkles are not desired.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  * The slope from the skull to the muzzle is sudden and rather steep.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  * The muzzle is short, does not taper, and the vertical depth at the root of the

muzzle must be greater than the length of the muzzle.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   * The bridge of the muzzle is not arched, but straight; in some dogs, occasionally, slightly broken.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   * A rather wide, well~marked, shallow furrow runs from the root of the muzzle

over the entire bridge of the muzzle to the nose. The flews of the upper jaw are

strongly developed, not sharply cut, but turning in a beautiful curve into the lower

edge, and slightly overhanging.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  * The flews of the lower jaw must not be deeply pendant.

 

 

                                                                   

 

 

 

 

 

  * The teeth should be sound and strong and should meet in either a scissors or an

even bite; the scissors bite being preferable. The undershot bite, although

sometimes found with good specimens, is not desirable. The overshot bite is a

fault.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   * A black roof to the mouth is desirable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

   *Nose: (Schwamm)-Very substantial, broad, with wide nostrils, and, like the lips,

always black.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    *  Here is a correct St. Bernard....he is a CHAMPION and also the sire to our

imported male from Europe......

 

                                        

 

 

 

 

 

     * EARS:  Of medium size, rather high set, with very strongly developed burr

(Muschel) at the base. They stand slightly away from the head at the base, then

drop with a sharp bend to the side and cling to the head without a turn. The flap is

tender and forms a rounded triangle, slightly elongated toward the point, the front

edge lying firmly to the head whereas the back edge may stand somewhat away

from the head, especially when the dog is at attention.  Lightly set ears, which at

the base immediately cling to the head, give it an oval and too little marked

exterior, whereas a strongly developed base gives the skull a squarer, broader and

much more expressive appearance.

 

 

                          WOWE! Alot on the ears!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     * Eyes:  Set more to the front than the sides, are of medium size, dark brown,

with intelligent, friendly expression, set moderately deep. The lower eyelids, as a

rule, do not close completely and, if that us the case, form an angular wrinkle

toward the inner corner of the eye. Eyelids which are too deeply pendant and show

conspicuously the lachrymal glands, or a very red, thick haw, and the eyes that are

too light, are objectionable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    * Neck:  Set high, very strong and when alert or at attention is carried erect,

otherwise horizontally or slightly downward. The junction of head and neck is

distinctly marked by an indentation. The nape of the neck is very muscular and

rounded at the sides which makes the neck appear rather short. The dewlap of the

throat and neck is well pronounced; too strong development, however, is not

desirable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   * Shoulders: Sloping and broad, very muscular and powerful. The withers are

strongly pronounced.

 

 

 

 

 

 

   * Chest: Very well arched, moderately deep, not reaching below the elbows.

 

 

 

 

 

   * Back: Very broad, perfectly straight as far as the haunches, from there gently

sloping to the rump, and merging imperceptibly into the root of the tail.

 

 

 

 

 

 

   * Hindquarters: Well~developed. Legs very muscular.

 

 

 

 

 

   * Belly: Distinctly set off from the very powerful loin section, only little drawn

up.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   * Tail: Starting broad and powerful directly from the rump is long, very heavy,

ending in a powerful tip. In repose it hangs straight down, turning gently upward

in the lower third only, which is not considered a fault. In a great many specimens

the tail is carried with the end slightly bent and therefore hangs down in the shape

of an "f." In action all dogs carry the tail more or less turned upward. However it

may not be carried too erect or by any means rolled over the back. A slight curling

of the tip is sooner admissible.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   * Upper Arm: Very powerful and extraordinarily muscular.

 

 

 

 

 

 

    * Hind Legs: Hocks of moderate angulation. Dewclaws are not desired if present,

they must not obstruct gait.

 

 

 

 

 

 

    * Feet: Broad, with strong toes, moderately closed, and with rather high

knuckles. The so~called dewclaws which sometimes occur on the inside of the hind

legs are impercetly developed toes. They are of no use to the dog and are not taken

into consideration in judging. They may be removed by surgery.

 

 

 

 

 

  

      * Coat: Very dense, short~haired (stockhaarig), lying smooth, tough, without

however feeling rough to the touch. The thighs are slightly bushy. The tail at the

root has longer and denser hair which gradually becomes shorter toward the tip.

The tail appears bushy, not forming a flag.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    * Color: White with red or red with white, the red in its various shades; brindle

patches with white markings. The colors red and brown-yellow are of entirely

equal value. Necessary markings are: white chest, feet and tip of tail, noseband,

collar or spot on the nape; the latter and blaze are very desirable. Never of one

color or without white. Faulty are all other colors, except the favorite dark

shadings on the head (mask) and ears. One distinguishes between mantle dogs and

splash- coated dogs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

   *Height at shoulders: Of the dog should be 27 1/2 inches minimum, of the bitch 25

1/2 inches. Female animals are of finer and more delicate build.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  *Considered as faults: Are all deviations from the Saint Bernard standard, as for

instance a swayback and a disproportionately long back, hocks too much bent,

straight hindquarters, upward growing hair in spaces between the toes, out at

elbows, cowhocks and weak pasterns.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   *Longhaired: The long~haired type completely resembles the short~haired type

except for the coat which is not short~haired (stockhaarig) but of medium length,

plain to slightly wavy, never rolled or curly and not shaggy either. Usually, on the

back, especially from the regionof the haunches to the rump, the hair is more wavy,

a condition, by the way, that is slightly indicated in the short~haired dogs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  *The tail is bushy with dense hair of moderate length. Rolled or curly hair, or a

flag tail, is faulty. Face and ears are covered with short and soft hair; longer hair

at the base of the ear is permissible. Forelegs only slightly feathered; thighs very

bushy.

 

 

 

 

       ~APPROVED BY AKC~

 

  BREED   HISTORY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   *The Saint Bernard dog was first pictured in 1695, by an unknown painter. Until that

time, there were no records of dogs at the famous Hospice in Switzerland, and it is generally

believed that the dogs that eventually were called the Saint Bernard were bred from dogs

previously existing in the Swiss countryside. The original Saint Bernard was a short~haired

dog and was introduced to the Hospice as a guard dog, as a carting dog, and to work in the

kitchens turning a spit.

 

 

 

 

 

  *The lifesaving abilities of the Saint Bernard were recorded in the years of 1787 to 1800.

From 1800 to 1812, the most famous and most honoured dog known in history, Barry, lived

and worked at the Hospice. His deeds have been recounted in many books. He saved the

lives of some 40 people and, having been retired, died in Bern in 1814, where he can be seen

today in the Museaum of Natural History.

 

 

 

 

 

 

   *The brandy keg usually pictured with the Saint Bernard wasnever used but was a

figment of the imagination of the renowned painter Landseer. During the winters of

1816~1818, the snow storms at the Hospice were especially heavy, and it was thought that a

crossing with a long~haired Newfoundland would better protect the short~haired Saint

Bernard dogs against the cold. From this time on, litters occassionally included one or more

long haired puppies. It soon became evident that the long~haired dogs could not be used for

rescue work, as ice formed in the long hair and the dogs were weighed down to incapacity by

the accumulation of too much snow and ice. From then on, any long~haired puppies were

sent to live in the valleys, and the Hospice kept only the short~hairs. Both coat lengths still

occur today.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

             your saint bernard....HE IS WORTH IT!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puppy Pawz

rebekahjoypeters@yahoo.com

Text: 989 763 6319




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